The Egyptian civilization placed an emphasis on funerary practices and the afterlife.
Stucco busts were made in Fayum, Egypt from the first to the fourth century. The large eyes were made several different ways but usually combining limestone and glass.
Ushabti of "respondents," were small figurines buried with the dead to aid the soul answering questions to which it would be subjected. The use of such figures was universal; it began about 2000 B.C.E. and lasted for many centuries.