Works Cited and other Resources

Newspaper Articles referring to Hannah J. Patterson

Pittsburgh Press Feb 24, 1907

Pittsburgh Daily Post, Oct 16, 1910

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Oct 27, 1911

Pittsburgh Daily Post, Nov 26, 1911

Pittsburgh Daily Post, Nov 28, 1911

Pittsburgh Daily Post, Dec 3, 1911

Pittsburgh Daily Post, Dec 7, 1911

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Jan 12, 1912. HJP Speaks for Suffrage.

Pittsburgh Press, Feb 25, 1912. Pittsburg Suffragists Present Brilliant Array of Arguments.

Pittsburgh Press Jul 3, 1912. 4th of July Celebration at Arsenal Park.

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Oct 19, 1912. mass meeting of suffragists.

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Oct 29, 1912. Strides Made by Women in Suffrage Campaign

Pittsburgh Press Nov 20, 1912

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Nov 28, 1912. Pittsburghers Lead Suffragists.

Harrisburg Telegraph Jan 2, 1913. Votes for Women Headquarters in Harrisburg Open. Distinguished Leaders of Suffrage Movement in Charge.

Pittsburgh, Post Gazette January 15, 1913. Whirlwind Suffrage Campaign Starts Soon. Six Weeks Meetings for Perfection of Allegheny County Woman Suffrage Party.

Pgh Post-Gazette February 13, 1913. On to Washington Is Cry of Suffragettes. Pittsburgh Supporters of Cause Will Join Great Ante-Inaugural Procession.

Pittsburgh Daily Post February 16, 1913. Washington Suffrage Parade.

The Scranton Truth April 11, 1913. McNichols Promised to Vote for Woman’s Suffrage, Statement Made by Mrs. Maxwell Chapman.

Reading Times April 22, 1913. Miss HJP, of Pittsburgh, State Chairman of the Pennsylvania Woman Suffrage Party.

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette July 6, 1913. Suffrage Parade in Erie.

The Times Tribune August 16, 1913. Equal Franchise League to Parade on Labor Day.

The Tribune Republican August 26, 1913. Floats or woman suffrage parade. Division to contain illustrations of the growth of the movement. Baby Carriage Brigade.

The Scranton Truth August 30, 1913. Woman Suffrage Night at YMHA.

The Times Tribune September 1, 1913. 4000 in Labor’s Parade. Interesting feature was the suffrage division.

Adams County Independent October 17, 1913. Boies at York Fair competes with noise.

Pittsburgh Daily Post October 28, 1913. Suffrage Plan is Arranged to Rock This City. Fighting program drawn up for state convention that opens today.

Pittsburgh Daily Post, Oct 29, 1913. State Convention held at the Fort Pitt Hotel in Pittsburg.

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Oct 30, 1913.

November 2, 1913. Pittsburg Daily Post. Woman’s Suffrage Convention.

Allentown Democrat, Nov 6, 1913

November 17, 1913. The Indiana Gazette.

Delaware County Daily Times (Chester, PA) Feb 2, 1914. Address on Suffrage. Miss Hannah J. Patterson, State Chairman to Speak at Media.

Altoona Tribune, Mar 9, 1914. Letter to the Editor from J. Benjamin Dimmick, Republican candidate for Senate.

Wilkes-Barre Times Leader, Mar 18, 1914. Wrong Methods by Jennie Roessing

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, May 2, 1914

Pittsburgh Daily Post, May 2, 1914. May Day Parade.

Harrisburg Telegraph, Sep 15, 1914. HJP Decisive Victory for Suffrage Certain.

The York Daily. Feb 3, 1915

Pittsburgh Daily Post. March 10, 1915 p 4 Bill is Passed on Second Reading – Allegheny Court Measures Pass House.

Pittston Gazette. March 20, 1915 and Wilkes-Barre Times Leader. Suffrage Leaders to Meet County Workers.

The Evening News (Wilkes-Barre) March 22, 1915. Attic Day.

The Daily Notes (Canonsburg) March 23, 1915. “It’s Up to You, Mr. Voter,” to be Suffrage Slogan. Woman’s Party Organized in Pennsylvania Will be Army of Instruction.

Evening Public Ledger (Philadelphia) March 23, 1915. Suffragist Leader Predicts Victory. Miss Hannah Patterson Confident the Vote Will Be Given to Women of Pennsylvania.

Wilkes-Barre Record. March 26, 1915. Discussed by State Leaders at Meeting in Wilkes-Barre

George Nicholson Presides-Miss Patterson and Mrs. Roessing Speak.

Public Opinion. April 1, 1915.

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. April 2, 1915. Pennsylvania President Cast New Liberty Bell.

Wilkes-Barre Times Leader. April 5, 1915. Votes for Women.

The Ligonier Echo. April 7, 1915. Woman Suffrage Party Leaders Who Will Work for the Ballot. Suffrage Leaders Call Big Rally.

Evening Public Ledger (Philadelphia) April 8, 1915. Women Assured of Vote in this State by Penrose Support, Suffragists Say.

The Valley Independent (Monessen, PA) April 8, 1915. Suffrage Notes. Harrisburg, Pa. Pennsylvania suffragists who were unable to make the trip to Troy, N.Y. to witness the casting of the Women’s Liberty Bell will soon have an opportunity to see the entire ceremony in the “movies.”

Harrisburg Daily Independent. April 9, 1915. Women Discuss Plans to Further Suffrage Cause.

York Dispatch. April 13, 1915. Suffragists Plan Branch.

Public Opinion April 14, 1915. Casting the Suffrage Liberty Bell.

The News (Newport). April 16, 1915. Public Debate on Woman Suffrage.

The News-Herald (Franklin, PA) April 20, 1915. Rare Opportunity to Hear Great Actress.

The Daily Republican (Monogahela, PA) May 3, 1915. Works for Suffrage Because Woman’s Vote Protects Home.

The Brockway Record May 7, 1915. Suffrage Vote a Certainty on November 2nd

The Daily Notes (Canonsburg) May 12, 1915. Noted Suffrage Leaders to Address Women of County.

The Daily Notes (Canonsburg). May 13, 1915. Suffrage Meeting Friday.

Public Opinion. May 18, 1915. To Help Men on Good Roads Day. Women Suffragists Will Supply Lunches to All Volunteer Workers.

The Daily Republican (Monogahela). June 1, 1915. They Voted Against Fair Play for Women.

The Allentown Democrat. June 2, 1915. Denied Fair Play Women are Game. “We’ll Win Without Watchers!” New Slogan of the Suffragists.

Wilkes-Barre Times Leader. Jun 23, 1915. Whole Town Turns out to See Bell Start on its Trip. Enthusiastic Crowd Cheers Emblem of Woman’s Suffrage Party. Begins State-Wide Tour.

Pittsburgh Daily Post. June 27, 1915. Suffragists to Meet Bell.

New Castle Herald. June 30, 1915. Plan Greeting for Liberty Bell Party.

Union City, Pa., June 30, 1915. The Woman’s Liberty Bell.

Daily Notes (Canonsburg) June 30, 1915. Suffrage Bell is Coming Next Week.

Altoona Tribune. July 30, 1915. Enthusiastic Suffragists Welcome what they Hope Will Be Emblem of Citizenship.

Allentown Democrat. Aug 27, 1915. Suffrage Effect on Electoral Votes.

The Morning Call (Allentown) Sept 22, 1915. Suffrage Leaders Call it a “Frame-Up”.

People’s Register (Chambersburg). September 30, 1915. Suffrage Bell Here Saturday-Sunday.

Mercersburg Journal, Oct 8, 1915. Suffragists to Punish Frauds.

Mercersburg Journal, Oct 8, 1915. The Woman’s Liberty Bell.

Lewisburg Journal. October 15, 1915.

Perry County Times. October 15, 1915. Suffrage Plans Well Thought Out.

Allentown Leader. Oct 11, 1915.

Evening Star (DC) Oct 16, 1915. Two Great Parades to Help Suffrage. Thousands of Women March Today in Boston and Pittsburgh.

Pittsburgh Press, Nov 14, 1915. Triumph and Hope Feature Suffrage Rally.

Pittsburgh Daily Post. Dec 2, 1915. Suffragists Form Protesting Wing.

Washington Times (DC) Dec 16, 1915. Faces Opposition for Suffrage Leadership.

Philadelphia Inquirer. December 17, 1915. ‘Suffs’ and “Antis’ Before Congress. Pennsylvanians Are Prominent in Delegation Which Urges Federal Amendment.

The York Dispatch. December 18, 1915. “Suffs” Reject Merger. Association to Cooperate, Not Join Congressional Union.

February 13, 1916 Star Tribune, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

The Baltimore Sun. March 28, 1916. Suffragists’ Eyes on Capital.

Chicago Tribune. May 21, 1916. Police to Lead Women’s March for Suffrage. Mrs. Kellogg Fairbank. Grand Marshal Announces Parade Order and Aids.

New York Times. May 28, 1916. Woman Voters to Speak.

The Ithaca Journal. June 7, 1916. Thousands to March in Suffrage Parade. Representatives of Every State in the Union will be in Chicago Procession.

New York Tribune. June 15, 1916.

The Sun (New York). August 17, 1916.

The Sun (New York). August 31, 1916.

The Washington Times. August 31, 1916.

The Post-Star (Glen Falls). September 7, 1916. Suffs Applaud Mention of Wilson.

New York Times. September 7, 1916. Suffragists Keep Neutral in Politics. National Association Votes Down Every Proposal for Change in Policy.

The Buffalo Times. September 8, 1916. Suffragists Use Voting Machines to Elect Officers.

Evening Star (Washington) February 23, 1917. The Secretary of War and Mrs. Baker will entertain at dinner.

The Washington Post, May 27, 1917. Miss Hannah J. Patterson, who spent the past few weeks with the Secretary of War and Mrs. Baker.

Evening Star (Washington) June 9, 1917. Mrs. Baker, wife of the Secretary of War, left yesterday with Mr. and Mrs. Roessing and Miss Hannah J. Patterson of Pittsburgh, PA.

Evening Star (Washington DC) August 12, 1917. Washington Has Clearing House for War Work of Women’s Organizations.

Arkansas Democrat (Little Rock) September 14, 1917. Efficiency Expert Speeding Up Work of Defense Council.

The Reporter-Times (Martinsville, Indiana) September 17, 1917. Miss Hannah J. Patterson of Pittsburgh, well-known suffragist, is the efficiency expert.

The Washington Post, September 28, 1917. Register Women of Nation. Miss Patterson Reports Plans to Committee of Defense Council.

The New York Times. October 7, 1917. Asks Women to Save Wool.

Evening Star (Washington) November 18, 1917. This Young Woman Handles Details of a Big Committee.

Evening Star Washington DC. December 13, 1917.

Evening Star, Wash DC May 5, 1918. Conference of Woman’s Committee.

Logansport Pharos-Tribune (Indiana) May 17, 1918. Need of Women Statisticians.

The Arkansas Democrat (Little Rock) June 11, 1918. Child Welfare Committee will see that Babies are Cared for.

The Noblesville Ledger (Indiana) June 15, 1918. U.S. Wants Women.

The Austin American (Texas) June 18, 1918.

Central New Jersey Home News (New Brunswick) July 26, 1918. The Woman’s Committee of the Council of National Defense.

Evening public ledger (Philadelphia) August 3, 1918. Negro Nurses to go Into Base Hospitals.

The Denver Star. A Progressive Race Paper. August 24, 1918. No Color Line Drawn in Student Nurse Reserve.

The Los Angeles Times September 15, 1918. Calls Nation’s Women To Work.

The Washington Post September 19, 1918. Wider Field For Women. Defense Council Creates Division to Increase War Work.

New York Tribune Sept 19 1918. Women Will Play Greater Part in Defence Council. Miss Hannah J. Patterson to Share Leadership With Grosvenor B. Clarkson.

The Philadelphia Inquirer Sept 22 1918. Send First Gas Hospital.

The Leaf Chronicle (Clarksville, TN) October 2, 1918. The New Field Division of the Council of National Defense. Begins its Duties Today.

Evening Star Washington DC October 20 1918. Her Majesty Marie, Queen of Roumania.

Deseret News (Salt Lake City) December 17 1918. Women Asked to Aid in Fight on Influenza.

The Broad Ax (Chicago) December 20 1918. Women Cooperating with Employment Service.

Chicago Tribune December 22, 1918.

The Washington Post February 14, 1919. Women’s Council Continues.

The Washington Times April 3, 1919.

The Washington Herald April 4, 1919. Mrs. Baker to Sing at George Washington Chapel Today Miss Hannah Patterson, of Defense Council, to Speak.

Evening Star (Washington DC) April 21, 1919. Woman to Aid Director Clarkson.

The Washington Herald July 13, 1919. Hughes to Adjust War Risk Troubles.

The Washington Post July 14, 1919. Woman in War Risk Probe. Hannah J. Patterson Appointed to Aid Charles E. Hughes.

The Washington Times July 16, 1919. War Risk Chiefs Hold First Meeting. Miss Patterson Honored.

The Buffalo Times Aug 3, 1919. Social Life in Washington.

The Washington Herald October 13, 1919. Woman Appointed Assistant to the Secretary of War.

The Washington Times Oct 24, 1919.

The Washington Times November 15, 1919. Miss Hannah J. Patterson, assistant to the Secretary of War.

The Pittsburgh Daily Post June 6, 1920. Women’s Press Club. Mischa Elman and Miss Hannah J. Patterson were the guests of the Women’s Press Club

The Washington Times October 31, 1920.

Evening Public Ledger (Philadelphia) August 10, 1922.

The Philadelphia Inquirer August 27, 1926. Suffrage Leaders gather at the Pennsylvania State Building.

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette December 16, 1927. The Broker Business.

Pittsburgh Sun Telegraph May 22, 1931. Judge Soffel Lauds Aid

The Pittsburgh Press May 25, 1931. Leads Fight for Judge Soffel Here. Miss Patterson, Suffrage Chief, Will Direct Campaign to Elect Woman.

The Pittsburgh Press July 29, 1931. Hannah J. Patterson, chairman of the committee to direct the campaign of Judge Sara M. Soffel.

The Evening News (Harrisburg) August 1, 1931.

Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph January 8, 1933. Russian Topic at Conference Here.

Books and Dissertations 

Atkinson, Wilmer. An Autobiography. Philadelphia. Wilmer Atkinson Co. 1920. Chapter XXIX The Pennsylvania Men’s League for Woman’s Suffrage.

Behn, Beth. “Woodrow Wilson’s Conversion Experience: The President and the Federal Woman Suffrage Amendment” (2012) PhD Dissertation. University of Massachusetts Amherst.

Blair, Emily Newell. Bridging Two Eras: The Autobiography of Emily Newell Blair, 1877 – 1951. Edited by Virginia Jeans Laas. University of Missouri Press.

Catt, Carrie Chapman and Nettie Rogers Shuler. Woman Suffrage and Politics. New York. Charles Scribner and Sons. 1923.

Clarke, Ida Clyde. American Women and the World War. D. Appleton and Co. New York. 1918.

Craig, Douglas B. Progressives at War: William G. McAdoo and Newton D. Baker, 1863-1941. The Johns Hopkins University Press. 2013.

Dumenil, Lynn. The Second Line of Defense: American Women and World War I. University of North Carolina Press. 2017.

Fields, Armond. Katharine Dexter McCormick: Pioneer for Women’s Rights. Praeger. 2003.

Hamlin, Kimberly. Free Thinker: Sex, Suffrage and the Extraordinary Life of Helen Hamilton Gardener. W.W. Norton and Co. 2020.

Harper, Ida Husted. The History of Woman Suffrage volumes V and VI. J.J. Little and Ives Co. New York. 1922.

Krone, Henrietta. “Dauntless Women: The Story of the Woman Suffrage Movement in Pennsylvania 1910 – 1920.” (1946) PhD dissertation. University of Pennsylvania.

McCaffery, Peter. When Bosses Ruled Philadelphia. Penn State University Press. 1993.

McCaskill, Barbara, and Caroline Gebhart. Post-Bellum, Pre-Harlem: African American Literature and Culture. 1877-1919. NYU Press. 2006

Park, Maud Wood. Front Door Lobby. Edited by Edna Lamprey Stantial. Boston, MA. Beacon Press. 1960.

Peck, Mary Gray. Carrie Chapman Catt: A Biography. 1946

VanOrsdal, Anita Anthony. “There Shall Be No Woman Slackers: The Woman’s Committee of the Council of National Defense and Social Welfare Activism as Home Defense, 1917-1919.” (2016) Dissertation. Michigan State University.


Annual Report Director of the Bureau of War Risk Insurance for the fiscal year ended June 30 1920. Washington Government Printing Office 1920

The Woman’s Committee. United States Council of National Defense. An Interpretative Report. Emily Newell Blair. April 21, 1917 to February 27, 1919.

The Handbook of the National American Woman Suffrage Association and Proceedings of the Forty-Sixth Annual Convention held at Nashville, Tennessee. November 12-17, 1914. NAWSA. New York City.

The Woman’s Committee of the Council of National Defense. Organization Charts. May 1917 – 1918. Prepared by The Information Department. May 1, 1918. Government Printing Office. Washington. 1918.

A Tribute and a Look into the Future. A Statement of the work of the state and territorial councils of Defense and the state and territorial divisions of the Woman’s Committee of the Council of National Defense Throughout the War. Grosvenor B. Clarkson. Directory, United States Council of National Defense. Government Printing Office. Washington. 1919.

Other Publications

Abernethy, Lloyd M. "The Progressive Campaign in Pennsylvania, 1912" Pennsylvania History A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies. vol. 29, no. 2, April 1962 p. 175 – 192.

Alexander, John D., "The Issues of the Election of 1916" (1949). Master's Thesis. 732.

Bateman, Bradley W. “The Social Gospel and the Progressive Era.” Divining America, TeacherServe©. National Humanities Center.

Breen, Wiliam J. “Black Women and the Great War: Mobilization and Reform in the South” The Journal of Southern History, Vol. 44, No. 3 (Aug., 1978), pp. 421-440 Stable URL:
Accessed: 04-03-2019 21:27 UTC

Catt, Carrie Chapman. “Woman suffrage by federal constitutional amendment” Library of Congress.

Leach, Roberta. “Jennie Bradley Roessing and the Fight for Woman Suffrage in Pennsylvania” The Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine, Volume 67, Number 3, July 1984.

Linkugel, Wil A. and Kim Giffin “The Distinguished War Service of Dr. Anna Howard Shaw” Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies, Vol. 28, No. 4 (October,1961), pp. 372-385
Stable URL: Accessed: 10-07-2018 13:49 UTC

Lukacs, John. "Big Grizzly" American Heritage. October/November 1978. Vol. 29 Issue 6. Eileen McDonough, Issues and Constituencies in the Progressive Era. The Journal of Politics. February 1989. No. 1.

Lunardini, Christine A. and Thomas J. Knock. “Woodrow Wilson and Woman Suffrage: A New Look”
Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 95, No. 4 (Winter, 1980-1981), pp. 655-671 Stable URL: Accessed: 26-02-2018 14:33 UTC

Roessing, Jennie Bradley. "The Equal Suffrage Campaign in Pennsylvania" The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 56, Women in Public Life (Nov. 1914). Pp. 153-160. Stable URL: Accessed: 24-01-2020 18:41 UTC.

Tarr, Joel. “The Metabolism of the Industrial City: The Case of Pittsburgh” Journal of Urban History, Vol. 28 No. 5, July 2002 511-545.

Zeiger, Susan. “Finding a Cure for War: Women's Politics and the Peace Movement in the 1920s” Journal of Social History, Vol. 24, No. 1 (Autumn, 1990), pp. 69-86 Stable URL: Accessed: 09-03-2018 18:25 UTC

Digital Repositories and Archives

Hannah Patterson Alumnae Collection C. Elizabeth Boyd ’33 Archives. Wilson College.

Jennie Bradley Roessing Papers. University of Pittsburgh Archives Correspondence of the Council of National Defense Women’s Committee

PA Woman Suffrage Association Papers 1910 – 1920 PA Historical Collections and Labor Archives, PSU.

Minnesota Historical Society. Hannah Patterson. The National Magazine. Jan 1, 1920 p 483.

University of Pittsburgh Library System Historic Pittsburgh